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协和赖兴建:乳腺增生是“女神标配”它和乳腺癌有没有关系

时间:2019-07-13
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文/副主任医师,北京协和医院超声科,赖兴建编着。 /玎玎

传说有三个苹果改变了世界,即夏娃吃的禁果,牛顿头上的苹果,以及史蒂夫乔布斯创立的苹果公司。今天我们要谈谈第四个苹果。

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医学院的学生在希腊神话中知道阿基里斯,因为他是跟腱的来源。阿基里斯的母亲是大海的女神,她的父亲佩伊斯是神宙斯的孙子,但却是凡人。为了拯救他的儿子免于死亡,忒抓住了小阿基里斯的脚踝并将其浸泡在冥河中,这样他的身体就无法穿透,但他的脚踝并没有被浸湿。

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果然,阿喀琉斯之死的原因是太阳神阿波罗的黑暗箭头击中了阿喀琉斯。

阿基里斯的父母的婚姻是由宙斯制定的,所以婚礼宴会非常高,邀请了许多高级神,但对争议拥有管辖权的女神厄里斯没有被邀请。厄里斯感到被冒犯,不请自来,在宴会上留下一个巨大的金苹果,上面写着:致力于最美丽的女神。

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三位女神拥有最高级别的上帝和最富有魅力的女神:赫拉,众神的女神,雅典娜,智慧女神,以及爱神和女神阿芙罗狄蒂(罗马神话中称为维纳斯),争论为了抢劫金苹果无尽,他们要求宙斯判断谁能得到金苹果。我不会说最终的判决结果是什么。我希望每个人都看看这三位公认的女神。

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赫拉是银河系的“创造者”。

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Athena is also a goddess of war, so she always wears armor and holds a golden spear to scream at others. In the picture above is Athes, the god of Athena's arrogant war.

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Venus is not to mention, it is synonymous with the goddess.

If the three goddesses undergo ultrasound examination of the breast, it is estimated that they will get a diagnosis of "mammary hyperplasia." In other words, "mammary hyperplasia" is the standard of the goddess. Don't be afraid of female friends who are sincere and fearful of "mammary hyperplasia"?

What is breast hyperplasia?

My master brother, Professor Mao Feng of Breast Surgery in our hospital has an image metaphor. I made a slight change to this: the breast is like a pocket, and the gland is like a pile of milk powder. The menstruation is coming, or the mood and pressure are coming, the milk powder will increase, and the breast will be full of sputum. This is the so-called hyperplastic nodule. Too much milk powder went out to the outside pocket, so the mammary gland showed tension pain. Menstruation is gone, or the emotions and pressures are gone, the milk powder will be reduced, and the breasts will return to the calm of the past.

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The anatomical schematic of the breast tells us that the mammary gland is mainly composed of the lobule of the breast (pink part) with a fat tissue (yellow part) interspersed.

I often tell patients after the examination that breast hyperplasia is only a normal physiological phenomenon. With the improvement of living standards, women's development is more complete, so most young women will get a diagnosis of "mammary hyperplasia."

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The picture above shows the breast of a young woman with thicker breasts, mainly hyperplastic glands, with a small amount of fat visible in front. Is the hyperplasia gland a bit like "leopard"?

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The picture above shows the mammary gland of a young obese woman. Although the breast is thicker, there are few glands, mainly fat.

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The picture above shows the breast of a "cheating goddess" with few glands and fats, mainly prostheses implanted behind the glands.

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The picture above shows the mammary gland of a postmenopausal woman with atrophy of the glands and less fat.

There may be readers asking questions. Since breast hyperplasia is a physiological phenomenon, why should we write it on diagnosis? Because breast hyperplasia does cause many women with breast pain and see a doctor, the diagnosis of the clinical doctor can only write breast hyperplasia (or breast lobular hyperplasia, cystic hyperplasia of the breast). In order to be consistent with the clinical diagnosis, we certainly have to write.

Although breast hyperplasia has no relationship with breast cancer, it is a big mistake if you think that there is breast hyperplasia and you don't have to worry about breast cancer. If you touch a breast nodule, especially a hard, less active nodule, then arrange breast ultrasound as soon as possible.

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